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|Born|| ca. 1979|
|Cause of death||Shot dead|
|Date|| December 14, 2005|
11:30 p.m. (UTC+5:45)
Basudev Thapa (Nepali: वासुदेव थापा) was a Nepalese RNA sergeant who killed eleven people and wounded 19 others at the Kali Devi temple in Chihandanda near Nagarkot, Nepal on December 14, 2005. The 26-year-old, who was off-duty at the time, indiscriminately fired with an assault rifle at villagers celebrating at the temple, until he himself was shot dead by his fellow soldiers. The shooting was said to have been sparked by an argument between Thapa and some of the villagers.
While nearly 250 villagers were celebrating Mangsir Purnima at the Kali Devi temple in Chihandanda an argument broke out between sergeant Basudev Thapa, stationed at the Nagarkot barrack, and youths from the nearby Pipalbot village with whom he had a long-standing enmity. When the youths began to beat him up, the allegedly drunk soldier attacked one of them with a knife. Yelling "I'll come back and kill you all" Thapa, bruised from the fight, drove off in his motorcycle and returned to the barracks, where he armed himself with an L1A1 SLR. Although he was off-duty at that time, Thapa was allowed to leave the barracks with the gun without fulfilling any formality.
After about half an hour, at 11:30 p.m., Thapa and three of his colleagues returned to the temple grounds. He fired a few shots in the air, before shooting indiscriminately at the people who were trying to seek refuge within the temple from the gunman.
Though many initial news reports named 12 civilians killed, the official report states that only 11 people were shot to death and 19 others wounded by the more than 200 shots fired, before Thapa himself was killed. According to RNA statements, Thapa committed suicide, though many witnesses said that he was killed by one of his colleagues, while he was still firing at the villagers. An investigation of Thapa's body found that he died of a chest wound that could not possibly have been self-inflicted, thus contradicting the official version.
The next day the RNA commenced to clean the crime scene, deliberately destroying evidence, presumably in an attempt to cover up the incident. When a second rifle was found in a pool about 60 metres away from Thapa's body, questions arose if there might have been a second gunman.
In consequence human rights activists and opposition parties, as well as the people from Nagarkot demonstrated, demanding an impartial investigation and denouncing frequent human rights violations by and severe corruptness and indiscipline within the RNA. As a response the government formed a three-member judicial commission to investigate the incident and proposed to pay compensations of 150,000 Nepalese rupees to each of the victims families and to bear the expenses for treating the injured. Further the RNA also established a probe committee to scrutinise the massacre.
The official report was released on January 3, 2006 and stated, that "Thapa committed suicide by shooting himself and no evidence was found of the involvement of any other person except Thapa in the incident". Further it was noted that Thapa had a history of indiscipline and obstructing work and that the leading officer of the Nagarkot barracks had failed to maintain discipline among his personnel. The report also recommended to compensate the victims and their families and to take care of their education and livelihood.
- ↑ Nepalese soldier kills 11 civilians, USA Today (December 15, 2005)
- ↑ "Angered" Nepalese soldier kills 11 civilians, The Independent (December 15, 2005)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Slaughter of 12 Nepali civilians continues to create ripples, Asian Tribune (December 19, 2005)
- ↑ Cold Blood, Nepali Times (December 16, 2005)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Nagarkot killings – a handiwork of RNA?, Nepal Monthly Human Rights Briefing Paper (p.2)
- ↑ 13 killed, 19 injured in Nagarkot incident, Nepal News Daily
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Local fair turns into nightmare, People's Daily Online (December 16, 2005)
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Soldier kills 11 civilians in Nepal, Asian Tribune (December 16, 2005)
- ↑ Nepal releases report of murder by Nepali soldier, Xinhua News Agency (January 3, 2006)
- ↑ Nepal police arrest protesting victims of soldier's rampage, Nepalnews.com (January 11, 2007)
- ↑ Kin of Nagarkot victims stage sit-in protest, Kantipur Online (December 7, 2006)
- 13 killed, 19 injured in Nagarkot shootout, Kantipur Online (December 14, 2005)
- Soldier massacres 12 civilians in Nagarkot, injures 19, ekantipur.com (December 15, 2005)
- Drinks, brawls, egos culminated in tragedy, Kantipur Online (December 16, 2005)
- We will help victims' families: Army Chief, Kantipur Online (December 17, 2005)
- नगरकोटमा नरसंहार, Kantipur Online (December 18, 2005) (Nepalese)
- Nagarkot carnage report public Kantipur Online (January 3, 2006)
- Cold Blood, Nepali Times (December 16, 2005)
- Darkest night (April 2006)
- Chihan Danda Carnage, scoop.co.nz (December 28, 2008)
- Collection of news articles about the massacre
- Nepal shooting, Associated Press (December 15, 2005) (Video)