Jim Jumper
Ethnicity Seminole

March 1, 1889
Fort Basinger, Florida, United States

Cause of death Shot dead
Attack information
Date March 1, 1889
Location(s) Fort Basinger, Florida, United States
Killed 7+
Injured 1
Weapon(s) Winchester rifle

Jim Jumper was a Seminole who killed at least seven people and wounded another at an Indian camp on Cypress Creek near Fort Basinger, Florida, United States on March 1, 1889.[1]

Jumper was the son of an African woman who had either escaped from plantation slavery or was taken captive during a Seminole raid on a plantation. On March 1 he told the tribal elders that he had been raised as a Seminole and hence asked them for permission to marry the daughter of Big Tommie, another Seminole, but when they refused twice he became drunk.[2]

Angered he eventually armed himself with a Winchester rifle and killed chief Waxey Micco, who was also called Old Tiger, with a shot to the head. Seeing the murder of his father Young Tiger charged at Jumper and tried to wrest the gun from him, but during the struggle was shot dead himself. Jumper afterwards killed Young Tiger's wife Martha, as well as his half-sister when she attacked him with a knife, knocked a young boy insensible, and finally killed Jimmy Tiger. He also fired a shot at second boy who managed to escape and alerted a Seminole named Billy Martin. Half an hour after starting his rampage, during which Jumper murdered an additonal two or three people, including a pregnant woman, he was eventually cornered and killed by Martin with shots to the chest and head. His body was thrown into a small cypress pond the following day and the village subsequently abandoned.[2][3][4][5][6][7]


Among those killed were:

  • Waxey Micco
  • Young Tiger, son of Waxey Micco
  • Martha, wife of Young Tiger
  • Jimmy Tiger


  • Jumper, Betty Mae Tiger & West, Patsy: A Seminole Legend - The Life of Betty Mae Tiger Jumper; University Press of Florida, 2001.


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