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Author(s) Madfis, Eric
Levin, Jack
Year 2013
Title School Rampage in International Perspective: The Salience of Cumulative Strain Theory
Published in Böckler, Nils, et al. (eds.): School Shootings - International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention; Springer, New York.
ISBN 9781461455257
Pages 79–104
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-5526-4_4
Abstract This chapter is an international extension of previous work, in which the authors developed a sequential explanatory model of the factors implicated in American school rampages (cases in which three or more people are killed or injured by current or former students of the targeted school or college) and identified the following cumulative stages: chronic strain, uncontrolled strain, acute strain, the planning stage, and the massacre. Here, recent cases of rampage school shootings outside of the United States are examined, applying the same selection criteria as the previous American study, in order to determine the extent to which the multi-stage explanatory model may be generalized internationally. Despite important international variations, the model is found to apply remarkably well to international incidents of multiple-victim school shootings and suggest implications for prevention and future research.
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