School Shootings: Mediatized Violence in a Global Age
School Shootings Mediatized Violence in a Global Age
Editor(s) Glenn W. Muschert
Johanna Sumiala
Published 2012
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing
Country United Kingdom
Pages 353
ISBN 9781780529189

School Shootings: Mediatized Violence in a Global Age is a book edited by Glenn W. Muschert and Johanna Sumiala, published by Emerald Group Publishing, Bingley in 2012, as volume 7 of the series Studies in Media and Communications.


School shootings have raised considerable interest among scholars as a global (media) cultural phenomenon and have increased specifically in the 1990s developing into a seeming cultural epidemic. This book contributes to the current academic discussion on school shootings by analysing this phenomenon in a broader context of mediatization in contemporary social and cultural life. Mediatized logic has the power to influence us as individuals communicating about the shootings and experiencing the shootings as victimizers, victims, witnesses or bystanders. In three sections, this book explores shootings from different, yet interconnected, perspectives: (1) a theoretical focus on media and school shootings within various sociological and cultural dimensions, specifically how contemporary media transform school shootings into mediatized violence; (2) a focus on the practices of mediatization, with emphasis on mediated coverage of school shootings and its political, cultural, social and ethical implications; and (3) an examination of the audiences, victims and witnesses of school shootings as well as organizations which try to manage these public crimes of significant media interest.

Table of contentsEdit

Chapter Page
List of Contributors ix
Preface xiii
Glenn W. Muschert and Johanna Sumiala
Introduction: School Shootings as Mediatized Violence
Section 1: Framing the Event: Societal and (Media)Cultural Perspectives
Andy Ruddock
Chapter 1 – School Shootings and Cultivation Analysis: On Confrontational Media Rhetoric and the History of Research on the Politics of Media Violence
Nils Böckler, Thorsten Seeger and Peter Sitzer
Chapter 2 – Media Dynamics in School Shootings: A Socialization Theory Perspective
Christopher J. Ferguson and James D. Ivory
Chapter 3 – A Futile Game: On the Prevalence and Causes of Misguided Speculation about the Role of Violent Video Games in Mass School Shootings
Rebecca Bondü und Herbert Scheithauer
Chapter 4 – Media Consumption in German School Shooters
Stephanie Howells
Chapter 5 – Making Headlines: A Quarter Century of the Media's Characterization of Canadian School Shootings
Section 2: Covering the Events: Perspectives of and for Journalistic Practice
Marion G. Müller, Ognyan Seizov and Florian Wiencek
Chapter 6 – Analyzing Visual Media Coverage of Amok School Shootings – A Novel Iconographic Approach
Klas Backholm, Marguerite Moritz and Kaj Björkqvist
Chapter 7 – U.S. and Finnish Journalists: A Comparative Study of Roles, Responsibilities, and Emotional Reactions to School Shootings
Jari Väliverronen, Kari Koljonen and Pentti Raittila
Chapter 8 – Vital Explanations or Harmful Gossip? Finnish Journalists' Reflections on Reporting the Interpretations of Two School Shootings
Glenn W. Muschert and Leah Janssen
Chapter 9 – Deciphering Rampage: Assigning Blame to Youth Offenders in News Coverage of School Shootings
Section 3: Witnessing and Consuming School Shooting Events
Nathalie E. Paton
Chapter 10 – Media Participation of School Shooters and Their Fans: Navigating Between Self-Distinction and Imitation to Achieve Individuation
Jaclyn Schildkraut
Chapter 11 – The Remote is Controlled by the Monster: Issues of Mediatized Violence and School Shootings
Salli Hakala
Chapter 12 – The Mediatized Victims: School Shootings as Distant Suffering
Simon Lindgren
Chapter 13 – Collective Coping Through Networked Narratives: Youtube Responses to the Virginia Tech Shooting
Douglas Kellner
chapter 14 – School Shootings, Crises of Masculinities, and Media Spectacle: Some Critical Perspectives
Concluding Reflections
Gavin Rees
Afterword: Is Mediatizaion a Useful Concept for Informing Practice in Journalism?
Ralph W. Larkin
Afterword: Media and School Shootings: A Sociological View
About the Authors 351


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